- Threatened miscarriage: Bleeding, fetus alive, os closed. 1/4 go on to miscarriage
- Inevitable Miscarriage: Bleeding but os is open even though fetus is alive
- Incomplete Miscarriage: Some fetal part remains in the uterus, os open
- Complete Miscarriage: Fetal part passed, os closed
Exercises, sexual intercourse and stress do not cause miscarriage.
Causes of recurrent miscarriages:
Infections: eg bacterial vaginosis
High maternal age